Canadian Taxation of Online Casino Winnings: What Players Need to Know

Canadian Taxation of Online Casino Winnings: What Players Need to Know


Canada’s online casino scene is growing rapidly. If you’re a player, you might wonder about the tax implications of your winnings. In this article, we’ll break down the Canadian taxation rules for online casino winnings, including when and how you might need to report them, and any potential exemptions.

Online casinos are gaining popularity in Canada. The convenience of playing from home, combined with the thrill of winning real money, makes it an attractive option for many. But before you dive in, it’s essential to understand how your winnings might be taxed. Let’s get straight to the point and uncover the details.

Are Online Casino Winnings Taxable in Canada?

Generally, the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) does not consider lottery or gambling winnings as taxable income. This means that for most Canadians, the money they win at a real money online casino Canada is tax-free.

However, there are exceptions:

  • Professional Gamblers: If you’re considered a professional gambler, where you earn your primary income from gambling, the CRA might tax your earnings as business income.
  • Regular and Frequent Winnings: If you have a history of regular and significant gambling wins, the CRA might view this as a business, making it taxable.
  • Skill-Based Games: Winnings from games where skill can influence the outcome, like poker, might be seen differently than games of pure chance.

Reporting Requirements

Understanding the reporting requirements is crucial for anyone involved in online gambling in Canada. Even if most of your winnings are not taxable, maintaining appropriate records can save you from potential headaches with the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA). Let’s delve into the specific aspects you should be aware of.

Proof of Winnings and Losses

It’s essential to have evidence of both your winnings and losses. This not only helps to ensure that you’re transparent about your gambling activities but also prepares you in case the CRA ever questions the nature of your winnings. Documentation can include slips, tickets, or any other relevant material that proves your gambling transactions.


Apart from just the evidence of transactions, it’s crucial to keep other related documents. Emails from online casino platforms, bank statements showing transfers, and even screenshots of winning moments can be invaluable. These documents provide a comprehensive view of your online gambling activities, showcasing the frequency, amounts, and nature of your transactions.

Professional Gamblers

If you’re someone who derives their primary income from gambling, the requirements become even more stringent. It’s essential to maintain detailed records that encompass strategies you employ, hours spent on gambling platforms, the nature of games played, and any related expenses. This in-depth record-keeping will help distinguish your activities as a business, rather than just casual gameplay.

What About Digital Currency? Is Bitcoin Taxable?

Using digital currency in gambling is becoming more common in Canada. If you’re considering or already using digital currencies for your online gambling activities, there are some key points to keep in mind.

Tax Implications

The Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) often sees digital currencies as commodities, similar to gold or oil. This perspective means when you use Bitcoin or another cryptocurrency for gambling, it’s like you’re buying something.

If you’ve had a good day and decide to withdraw your winnings, things can get a bit tricky. Let’s say you used Bitcoin, and its value went up since you deposited it in the casino. When you cash out, you’re not just getting your winnings; you’re also getting the increased value of your Bitcoin. The CRA might want a share of that increase. So, if you bought Bitcoin for $10 and cashed out when it was worth $15, you might need to pay tax on that $5 increase.

Record Keeping

Digital currencies can be unpredictable. Their value can go up and down often. That’s why it’s vital to keep track of all your online casino activities when using them.

What to record:

  • Date of transaction: When did you deposit or withdraw?
  • Amount: How much digital currency did you move?
  • Value: What was the digital currency worth in Canadian dollars at the time of the transaction?
  • Type of Activity: Was it a deposit, a bet, a win, or a withdrawal?
  • Storing Information: Because digital transactions can be hard to trace, it’s a good idea to take screenshots or download statements from both your digital wallet and your casino account. This way, you have evidence of your activities if you ever need it.

By staying informed and keeping accurate records, you can enjoy the thrill of online casinos while being prepared for any tax situations that may arise.

Exemptions and Deductions

If you’re making money from online gambling, you might wonder if there are ways to reduce the tax you owe. Luckily, there are some exemptions and deductions you can consider. Let’s break it down into simpler terms.

Gambling Losses

What It Means: Let’s say you win money from gambling, but you also lose money on other days. In some situations, the money you lose can be used to lower the amount of tax you might owe on your winnings.

Who Can Use This: This isn’t for everyone. Mainly, if you’re seen as a professional gambler (meaning you earn most of your money from gambling), you can use this. So, if you gamble just for fun or occasionally, this might not apply to you.

How It Works: Imagine you won $10,000 this year from gambling but lost $3,000 on bad days. Instead of paying tax on the full $10,000, you might only have to consider the $7,000 ($10,000 – $3,000) when figuring out your taxes.

Business Expenses

What It Means: Just like any other job, professional gamblers have costs. Things like traveling to play in tournaments or buying special equipment can cost money. These costs can sometimes be used to lower the tax you owe.

Who Can Use This: Again, this is mainly for professional gamblers. If gambling is your full-time job and how you earn most of your money, this could apply to you.

Examples of Deductible Expenses:

  • Travel: If you need to go to another city or country for a big tournament, the money you spend on flights, hotels, and meals might be deductible.
  • Equipment: Things like special software to help with strategies, a high-quality computer setup for online gaming, or even a comfortable chair for those long gaming sessions can count as business expenses.
  • Training and Books: Money spent on courses, books, or any other resource to improve your gambling skills might also be deductible.

Remember, the key is that these expenses should be directly related to your gambling activities. If you’re not sure if something counts, it’s a good idea to check with a tax expert. They can guide you on what’s allowed and what isn’t.

E-Sport Market and Tax Implications

E-sports, where players compete in video game tournaments, is a rapidly growing market. But are e-sport winnings treated the same as casino winnings?

Just like online casino earnings, e-sport winnings can be taxable, especially if seen as a primary source of income or earned regularly. Travel to e-sport tournaments, gaming equipment, or coaching could potentially be deducted from taxable income.


Understanding how Canada taxes online gambling winnings is essential for anyone who plays. For most people, the money they win online isn’t taxed. But if you gamble a lot, or if it’s how you make most of your money, you might have to pay taxes on what you win.

It’s also really important to keep track of your gambling activities. This means saving proof of your wins and losses, and any other important information. Doing this will make things easier if there are any questions about your winnings later on. And if you’re ever unsure about something, it’s always a good idea to talk to a tax expert.


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